(Text reference - ILO Website)
To ensure that seafarers have regulated hours of work or hours of rest
1. Each Member shall
ensure that the hours of work or hours of rest for seafarers are
2. Each Member shall establish maximum hours of work or minimum
hours of rest over given periods that are consistent with the provisions in the
Standard A2.3 – Hours of work and hours of rest
1. For the purpose
of this Standard, the term:
31 Conditions of employment3. The requirements for rest periods laid down in paragraph 1 and 2
need not be maintained in the case of an emergency or drill or in other
overriding operations conditions.
(a) hours of work
means time during which seafarers are required to do work on account of the
(b) hours of rest means time outside hours of work; this term does
not include short breaks.
Each Member shall within the limits set out in paragraphs 5 to 8 of
this Standard fix either a maximum number of hours of work which shall
not be exceeded in a given period of time, or a
minimum number of hours of rest which shall be provided in a given
period of time.
3. Each Member acknowledges that the normal working
hours’ standard for seafarers, like that for other workers, shall be based on an
eight-hour day with one day of rest per week and rest on public holidays.
However, this shall not prevent the Member from having procedures to authorize
or register a collective agreement which determines seafarers’ normal working
hours on a basis no less favourable than this standard.
determining the national standards, each Member shall take account of the danger
posed by the fatigue of seafarers, especially those whose duties involve
navigational safety and the safe and secure operation of the ship.
limits on hours of work or rest shall be as follows:
(a) maximum hours of
work shall not exceed:
(i) 14 hours in any 24-hour period;
72 hours in any seven-day period;
(b) minimum hours of rest
shall not be less than:
(i) ten hours in any 24-hour period;
(ii) 77 hours in any seven-day period.
6. Hours of rest may be
divided into no more than two periods, one of which shall be at least six hours
in length, and the interval between consecutive periods of rest shall not exceed
7. Musters, fire-fighting and lifeboat drills, and drills
prescribed by national laws and regulations and by international instruments,
shall be conducted in a manner that minimizes the disturbance of rest periods
and does not induce fatigue.
8. When a seafarer is on call, such as when a
machinery space is unattended, the seafarer shall have an adequate
compensatory rest period if the normal period of rest is disturbed by
call-outs to work.
9. If no collective agreement or arbitration award exists
or if the competent authority determines that the provisions in the agreement or
award in respect of paragraph 7 or 8 of this Standard are inadequate, the
competent authority shall determine such provisions to ensure the seafarers
concerned have sufficient rest.
10. Each Member shall require the posting, in
an easily accessible place, of a table with the shipboard working arrangements,
which shall contain for every position at least:
(a) the schedule of service
at sea and service in port; and
(b) the maximum hours of work or the minimum
hours of rest required by national
laws or regulations or applicable
Maritime Labour Convention, 2006
table referred to in paragraph 10 of this Standard shall be established in a
standardized format in the working language or languages of the ship and in
12. Each Member
shall require that records of seafarers’
daily hours of work or of their daily hours of rest be maintained to
allow monitoring of compliance with paragraphs 5 to 11 inclusive of this
Standard. The records shall be in a standardized format established by the
competent authority taking into account any available guidelines of the
International Labour Organization or shall be in any standard format prepared by
They shall be
in the languages required by
paragraph 11 of this Standard. The seafarers
shall receive a copy of the records pertaining to them which shall be endorsed
by the master, or a person authorized by the master, and by the seafarers.
support is now available)
13. Nothing in paragraphs 5 and 6 of
this Standard shall prevent a Member from having national laws or regulations or
a procedure for the competent authority to authorize or register collective
agreements permitting exceptions to the limits set out. Such exceptions shall,
as far as possible, follow the provisions of this Standard but may take account
of more frequent or longer leave periods or the granting of compensatory leave
for watch-keeping seafarers or seafarers working on board ships on short
14. Nothing in this Standard shall be deemed to impair the right of
the master of a ship to require a seafarer to perform any hours of work
necessary for the immediate safety of the ship, persons on board or cargo, or
for the purpose of giving assistance to other ships or persons in distress at
sea. Accordingly, the master may suspend the schedule of hours of work or hours
of rest and require a seafarer to perform any hours of work necessary until the
normal situation has been restored. As soon as practicable after the normal
situation has been restored, the master shall ensure that any seafarers who have
performed work in a scheduled rest period are provided with an adequate period
Guideline B2.3 – Hours of work and hours of rest
– Young seafarers
1. At sea and in port the following provisions should apply
to all young seafarers under the age of 18:
(a) working hours should not
exceed eight hours per day and 40 hours per week and overtime should be worked
only where unavoidable for safety reasons;
(b) sufficient time should be
allowed for all meals, and a break of at least one hour for the main meal of the
day should be assured; and
(c) a 15-minute rest period as soon as possible
following each two hours of continuous work should be allowed
Exceptionally, the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Guideline need not be
(a) they are impracticable for young seafarers in the deck,
engine room and catering departments assigned to watch-keeping duties or working
on a rostered shift-work system; or
(b) the effective training of young
seafarers in accordance with established programmes and schedules would be
3. Such exceptional situations should be recorded, with reasons,
and signed by the master.
Regulation 1.1 – Minimum age
Purpose: To ensure that no under-age persons work on a
1. No person below the minimum age shall be employed or
engaged or work on a ship.
2. The minimum age at the time of the initial entry into
force of this Convention is 16 years.
3. A higher minimum age shall be required in the
circumstances set out in the Code.
Standard A1.1 – Minimum age
1. The employment, engagement or work on board a ship of
any person under the age of 16 shall be prohibited.
2. Night work of seafarers under the age of 18 shall be
prohibited. For the purposes of this Standard, “night” shall be defined in
accordance with national law and practice. It shall cover a period of at least
nine hours starting no later than midnight and ending no earlier than 5 a.m.
3. An exception to strict compliance with the night work
restriction may be made by the competent authority when:
(a) the effective training of the seafarers concerned, in
accordance with established programmes and schedules, would be impaired; or
(b) the specific nature of the duty or a recognized
training programme requires that the seafarers covered by the exception perform
duties at night and the authority determines, after consultation with the
shipowners’ and seafarers’ organizations concerned, that the work will not be
detrimental to their health or well-being.
4. The employment, engagement or work of seafarers under
the age of 18 shall be prohibited where the work is likely to jeopardize their
health or safety. The types of such work shall be determined by national laws or
regulations or by the competent authority, after consultation with the
shipowners’ and seafarers’ organizations concerned, in accordance with relevant
Conditions of employment
4. Paragraph 1 of
this Guideline does not exempt young seafarers from the general obligation on
all seafarers to work during any emergency as provided for in Standard A2.3,
It must be noted that a ship may
be detained if conditions are violated.
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